The density of a liquid is comparable to that of a solid. As you now Ice is lighter than water; otherwise the Titanic would not have gone down. Liquid is a condensed matter in which motions of atoms are highly correlated. It is challenging to figure out the atomic dynamics in liquid, and this held back the liquid state physics well behind the solid state physics. But the importance of liquid is growing, in energy storage (electrolyte), dielectrics (insulating layer in FET), and in life sciences. In solids atomic dynamics is described in terms of phonons and diffusion. But in liquids the time-scales of the two are comparable, so phonons are strongly damped and partially localized. At short-range diffusive atomic dynamics is not totally random-walk. The dynamic structure factor, S(Q, ), measured by inelastic scattering, is dominated by coherent quasi-elastic scattering, and it is not easy to interpret the results.